Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over one million people die, most of them young children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors like temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main places that malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, of the genus Anopheles, is able to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in locations where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle inside the mosquitoes can humans be infected. You will find four types of malaria parasite that will infect humans they may be; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Enough time required for development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to battle malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that may end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to exposure to insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists believe that using the same technology one day can fight a number of other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.